Filtration is the removal of solid particles from gases and liquids. It is a process that is practiced in all sectors from the home to large industrial plants. Straining water from a cooking pot after cooking a meal of pasta is a form of filtration. In industries, filtration is essential as it determines the efficiency and productivity of numerous industrial processes.
Here are the reasons why it is essential to undertake industrial filtration.
- Purification – Water treatment plants purify water through filtration. Industrial plants also use industrial wastewater filtration to recycle water before discarding it to sewers and water channels. It is a requirement by law for industrial wastewater to be free of harmful components before it is released to the environment. The availability of a functional filtration mechanism in a factory helps the company meet compliance quality and safety standards. When a factory meets the criteria, it acquires OSHA and EPA accreditation.
- Efficiency – Filtration ensures that industrial machinery function to their maximum; when particles such as sand and other types of debris mix with oil, the lubrication property of oil is reduced hence becoming less efficient. As a result, friction may end up damaging moving parts within the industrial machines.
- Equipment Protection – Filtration protects equipment against corrosion and malfunction. Some industries handle sensitive chemicals that need to be discarded and cleaned out to avoid damage to materials on the production line. Also, in the food processing industry, organic particles on the equipment must be filtered out and discarded as they rot and damage equipment.
- Isolation of Products – To ensure maximum efficiency, you can install perforated tubes to remove particles from gases or liquids. Doing this in the course of the industrial process ensures that systems function properly as every substance is free of impurities.
Industries where Filtration is Vital
1. Wastewater Management
Wastewater filtration is done using a sludge dewatering mechanism. The system separates liquids from solids and the result is clean water that can be drained into the sewers. Sludge dewatering systems are available in two types; those that rely on gravity and those that operate through a vacuum. A vacuum system is a preference for most industries as it reduces the costs of sludge disposal.
2. Pharmaceutical Industry
The air quality in a pharmaceutical production plant needs to be of high quality. This is to avoid contamination of drugs which can render them ineffective or affect their efficacy. Ineffective drugs can result in health complication to those using them. Therefore, it is vital for a pharmaceutical plant to install filtration systems to maintain high quality levels in the air within the premises.
3. Gas Turbines
A gas turbine needs to have an air filtration system to protect it from pollution. Dust particles erode the turbines while fine particles contaminate the vanes; this affects the output of the turbines. A functional filtration system should be installed at the plant to ensure maximum output from the turbines. Industrial air filtration is also necessary as air pollution poses a health risk to the people working on the premises. Filtration systems ensure the performance of the industrial machinery and work force is maintained at optimum levels. Moreover disposal is also carried out efficiently and safely. Investment in good filtration systems is certain to yield better performance within an industry.